Research That Matters (January 17 - 20, 2008)
|Sunday, January 20, 2008: 10:30 AM-12:00 PM|
|Palladian Ballroom (Omni Shoreham)|
|[H/D] Developing Testable HIV-Related Interventions for the Real World|
|Speakers/Presenters:||Lianne Urada, MSW, University of California, Los Angeles|
Robert Schilling, PhD, University of California, Los Angeles
Anthony Natale, PhD, University of Oklahoma
Anna M. Scheyett, PhD, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Bipasha Biswas, MSW, Washington University in Saint Louis
As the HIV pandemic has matured, it has become clear that very few HIV prevention strategies have been tested under "real world" conditions. It is unrealistic to expect successful adoption of manualized "gold standard" interventions, because the supporting efficacy studies were conducted under ideal conditions. Moreover, structural interventions are increasingly viewed favorably as potent agents of HIV-related change, yet such approaches are difficult to test in a rigorous manner. The five presentations in this symposium will examine various aspects of this large gap between intervention research and service delivery.
The roundtable session will begin a dialogue about developing and refining research/evaluation skills, and methodological innovations, including the use of appropriate research designs for various client systems, conceptual frameworks for practice, ethical issues, and collaborative research. Two presenters will focus respectively on community-level intervention research with injection drug users and sex workers, and participatory research with female bar workers in the Philippines. Another presenter will discuss structural, cultural and contextual risk factors for HIV transmission among Black and Latino, HIV Positive and Young men who have sex with men (MSM). The end goal of these efforts is the design of community based, culturally relevant intervention strategies to reduce HIV/STD transmission. Attempting to develop credible interpretations and generalizable interventions, the panelists have utilized mixed methods, including survey research and with qualitative/ethnographic approaches. The panelists will discuss the benefits and challenges of mixed methods of inquiry, using HIV prevention as a focus.
Two more presenters will discuss intervention-related research with HIV positive populations. One speaker will present on release planning for HIV+ prison inmates, based on qualitative analysis of extensive pre-and post-release interviews with inmates in North Carolina, drawing implications for intervention research. Utilizing a theory-based perspective and longitudinal assessment, another presenter will discuss neurocognitive impairments and other factors affecting HIV medication adherence among people living with HIV/AIDS.
Following these presentations, the roundtable participants will engage in a brief dialogue about ways of bridging the large gap between evidence-based best practices and HIV prevention/treatment environments.