Research That Matters (January 17 - 20, 2008)
|Saturday, January 19, 2008: 10:00 AM-11:45 AM|
|Blue Prefunction (Omni Shoreham)|
|[ADOL] Childhood Exposure to Violence and Later Perpetration and Victimization of Violence in Adolescence and Early Adulthood: Findings of Prospective Longitudinal Research|
|Symposium Organizer:||Todd I. Herrenkohl, PhD, University of Washington|
|The Developmental Pathway of Bullying to Youth Violence: a Test of the Social Development Model|
Min Jung Kim, PhC, Richard F. Catalano, PhD, Tracy W. Harachi, PhD, Emiko A. Tajima, PhD
|Parent-Child Bonding, Harsh Parenting and Exposure to Family Violence as Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Emerging Adulthood|
Carl D. Maas, PhC, Charles N.B. Fleming, MA, Richard F. Catalano, PhD
|Impact of Multiple Forms of Child Maltreatment and Family Stressors on Later Psychosocial Functioning of Youth|
Cynthia Sousa, MSW, Todd I. Herrenkohl, PhD, Emiko A. Tajima, PhD, Carrie A. Moylan
Symposium Abstract: An estimated 10 million children are directly exposed to violence annually in the United States (NCJRS, 2007). Childhood exposure to violence includes family violence (intimate partner violence and child maltreatment) and community violence (gang violence, bullying, assault, rape). Violence exposure during childhood negatively affects children's social and emotional development, and can lead to the recurrence of violence in this next generation. While previous research has addressed children's exposure to a particular form of violence (e.g., physical child abuse), studies have rarely examined overlapping forms of violence exposure in children. Moreover, prior research has been severely weakened by the use of cross-sectional designs that rely heavily on retrospective recall of distant childhood events. The proposed symposium will examine findings from two prospective longitudinal studies in which overlapping forms of violence exposure in children have been systematically investigated. Analyses will examine mechanisms that link violence exposure at a young age to later perpetration violence, as well as victimization in adolescence and adulthood. Papers presented in the symposium will illustrate methodological approaches well-suited to developmental research in which data are collected over multiple assessments. Models will seek to advance our understanding of various mechanisms of violence transmission and will include theory-driven tests of mediation and moderation. Findings will inform the development of prevention and intervention programs directed to vulnerable children and families.
Data for the analyses presented are from two well-designed prospective longitudinal studies:
The Lehigh Longitudinal Study is a prospective study of children and families that began in the mid-1970s to examine the correlates and consequences of child maltreatment. Data from multiple sources were collected at three key developmental points (early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence). The sample includes 457 children, drawn from child welfare agencies and other community settings in eastern Pennsylvania.
The Raising Healthy Children (RHC) project is a 13-year study of a preventive intervention and the etiology of substance use and violence based on a community sample from 10 public schools in a suburban school district in the state of Washington. The sample consisted of 441 girls and 510 boys. The participants were in 1st or 2nd grade at the inception of the study and most are currently two or three years post high school graduation. Data has been collected annually, using surveys of parents, teachers, and the participants themselves as well as school and court records.