Bridging Disciplinary Boundaries (January 11 - 14, 2007)

Saturday, January 13, 2007: 2:00 PM-3:45 PM
Seacliff B (Hyatt Regency San Francisco)
Social Work Research and Multidisciplinary Studies: Findings from Major Landmark Studies
Organizer:Michie N. Hesselbrock, PhD, University of Connecticut
Discussant:Eric Wagner, PhD, Florida International University
The Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism -It's More Than Genes!
Victor Hesselbrock, PhD
The Combine Study: Results and Implications
Allen Zweben, DSW
Interdisciplinary Research on Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention in the Emergency Department: Is There a Role for Social Work?
Peggy Murray
Factors Associated with Alcohol Related Physical Health by Race and Gender: Secondary Data Analysis of NESARC Study
Karen Grube Chartier, MSW
Abstract Text:
This symposium follows the theme of the SSWR 07 conference, “Bridging Disciplinary Boundaries” and will build upon the roundtable discussion presented at the 2006 SSWR conference in San Antonio. At that roundtable discussion, several social work researchers presented their own experiences of participating in multidisciplinary collaborative studies. This symposium will introduce several multidisciplinary projects that are recognized as landmark research studies on addictions, and present results that are generated from these studies. All studies are large scale multi-site studies on addictive disorders by well established investigators from a variety of disciplines (including social work). The areas of investigation include epidemiology, genetics, screening and brief interventions, and combined pharmacotherapy and behavioral treatment. All studies were funded by NIH/NIAAA. Dr. V. Hesselbrock will present results from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA). COGA was initiated in 1987 to study the psychological, biological and environmental factors that contribute to the vulnerability for developing alcoholism and alcohol related problems. This longitudinal extended family study included alcohol dependent persons and their first and second degree relatives, and community comparison families. More than 1,800 families representing over 13,000 individuals from six different sites have participated. Dr. Allen Zweben will present the results of Project COMBINE, which was designed to examine the efficacy of combining various pharmacotherapy and behavioral interventions for treating alcohol use disorders. The COMBINE study specifically evaluated the efficacy of two promising medications (naltrexone and acamprosate), alone and in combination, along with two behavioral treatments of different intensities and orientations (Combined Behavioral Intervention and Medical Management). The study consisted of 11 clinical sites and over 1,380 alcohol dependent patients. Patients were randomly assigned to different combinations of medications and behavioral treatments and seen over 16-week period and 1 year follow-up. Dr. Peggy Murray will present the results of the “Academic Emergency Medicine Collaborative Study of Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment” study that began in 2004. Over 1,000 participants from the emergency departments of 14 academic hospitals were recruited. Assessments were conducted at baseline, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months. While the 12 months assessment is currently underway, Dr. Murray will present the data from 3 month assessment. Ms. Karen Chartier will present the results of a secondary data analysis from the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) that was conducted in 2001 to 2002. NESARC, a survey of the general population, included 43,093 subjects, representative of civilian, non-institutionalized adults age 18 and older. The survey, which provided for an over-sampling of African Americans, allows for the estimation of alcohol use disorders and their associated disabilities in important subgroups of the population by defined race/ethnicity and gender. Implication for Social Work practice will be discussed by Dr. Eric Wagner

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