Method: The study utilized cross-sectional survey design. 200 participants who were age 65 years or older were recruited from Korean senior centers in the New York City metropolitan area. The Brief Multidimensional Measures of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS) was used to measure various domains of religiousness/spirituality, including daily spiritual experiences, values/beliefs, forgiveness, private religious practice, religious/spiritual coping, and religious support. In an attempt to measure a broad range of social support, Lubben Social Network Scale-Revised (LSNS-R) was used. Depression was assessed using Geriatric Depression Scale-30 Korean version (GDS-K). To measure life satisfaction, the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985) was used.
Results: Multivariate analyses found social support was positively related to life satisfaction and religiousness/spirituality was associated with decreased depression after controlling for socio-demographic variables. In addition, social support was inversely related to depression.
Conclusions and Implications: This study's findings have the potential to enhance our understanding of the multidimensional aspects of religiousness/spirituality and social support among older adult immigrants including Koreans. The findings can be used to foster greater collaboration between the healthcare system and faith communities in order to improve quality of life of older adults. This study's finding will supplement geriatric mental health professionals, health care providers and social work practitioners' understanding of the adjustment processes of older Korean immigrants in order to develop culturally appropriate interventions.