METHODS: The data for this study are drawn from the first wave (N = 6504) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Harris & Udry, 2008), a nationally representative sample of 7th through 12th grade students in the United States. Respondents completed in-school questionnaires in the fall and spring of 1994 and 1995 and in-home interviews approximately one year later. A subsample of Asian-American (n = 261) respondents with non-missing data on analysis variables is used. Fisher’s exact test is used to calculate an exact probability value for the relationships between Chinese-American (n = 59), Filipino-American (n = 54), Japanese-American (n = 33), Korean-American (n = 37), gender (48.1% female), and use of substance abuse treatment programs (3.7%). The findings are weighted to the general population.
RESULTS: The results suggest that substance abuse treatment programs are used more by Filipino-American females than males (P = 0.05 by Fisher’s exact test). Substance abuse treatment programs are independent of gender in Chinese (P = 0.68 by Fisher’s test), Japanese (P = 0.74 by Fisher’s exact test), and Korean (P = 0.57 by Fisher’s test) subgroups.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: This exploratory study highlights the need for further exploration on subgroup variability and differences in Asian-American adolescents’ use of substance abuse treatment programs. The lack of empirical information limits social work’s ability to develop culturally competent theory and effective substance abuse treatment programs.