The Effectiveness of Child-Parent Interventions for Children and Adolescents with Anxiety Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
The present study is a systematic review and meta-analysis that explores the effectiveness of child-parent interventions for childhood anxiety disorders. The research located during the literature search was coded for inclusionary criteria and resulted in eight qualifying individual randomized controlled trials (RCT) with a total of 710 participating children and adolescents (440 completer data). Statistical information from the studies were meta-analyzed using Hedges’ g via CMA software [Version 2]. Results of the meta-analysis yielded a small, positive effect size of 0.263 (SE=0.103, 95% CI= 0.062 to 0.465) favoring child-parent cognitive behavioral interventions over individual and group cognitive behavioral therapy. Results were homogeneous indicating that any variance in effect size can be confidently attributed to sampling error (Q=7.728, df=7, p=0.357).
Social workers and other treatment professionals must utilize the most effective interventions to help relieve symptoms of childhood anxiety disorders, thereby improving present and future functioning. The present study contributes the most up-to-date information available with respect to effective treatments for childhood anxiety disorders. The present study can be used to help guide current practices when working with children and adolescents with anxiety disorders and guide future areas for research.