Group Work Interventions Aimed At Reducing Depressive Symptoms and Enhancing Psychosocial Competence Among Black Women
Method: 58 Black women recruited from health and human service community-based organizations were randomly assigned to either the CYC intervention or a wait-list control group. Women in the CYC program attended weekly group intervention sessions over a 10-week period, and the wait-list control group did not receive any treatment for the same duration. Differences between groups were analyzed for the main effects of condition, time and interaction using random effects regression models.
Results: At pretreatment both groups indicated moderate levels of depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and psychosocial competence. After the intervention, the CYC group reported a significant reduction in depressive symptoms (CES-D: F (1, 56) 1⁄4 10.9, p < .01; BDI-II: F (1, 56) 1⁄4 13.2, p < .001) and perceived stress F (1, 56) 1⁄4 5.16, p < .05). There were no statistically significant differences over time between the intervention and control groups on measures of internal–external locus of control, F (1, 56) 1⁄4 0.42, or active coping, F (1, 56) 1⁄4 0.75.
Conclusion/implications: The results of these findings offer preliminary data on the effectiveness of culturally congruent group interventions with Black women aimed at decreasing depressive symptoms and enhancing psychosocial competence. Further, the results of this study highlight the potential of a culturally congruent group intervention with Black women to reduce depressive symptoms and stress.