Increasing Parental Self-Efficacy and Parenting Practices in Urban American Indian Parents: Pilot Results From a Culturally Tailored Parenting Curriculum
Methods: Data come from 73 participants who in 2012 received the pilot version of P2W and had a matched pre-/post-survey. P2W is a 10-workshop program administered twice a week for five weeks by American Indian community facilitators. Pre-surveys were administered during Workshop 1, and post-surveys administered five weeks later during Workshop 10. Participants received an incentive of $15 at the end of each attended workshop. Participant demographics and pre-/post-survey changes on five scales were examined through paired t-tests.
Results: American Indian parents of adolescents ages 10-17 participated in the pilot study (N=73, 69.6% female, 38.0% single, never married, 27.5% high school diploma, 27.5% no diploma, 55.6% earning less than $10,000 annually). Analyzing matched pre-post changes through paired t-tests, urban American Indian parents reported a significant increase in their parental involvement (t=2.80, p <.01), parenting self-agency (t=4.58, p<.001), use of effective discipline (t=2.83, p<.01), and communications with their children about sexual intercourse (t=2.97, p<.01) and safe sex practices (t=3.76, p<.001).
Conclusions: Although the pilot curriculum underwent further adaptation to ensure cultural fit, the results show statistically significant improvements in parenting skills and family functioning and are a promising indication of anticipated results from the randomized control trial using the final adapted version of P2W. These pilot results show P2W is effective at changing various aspects of parenting practices– an important mechanism through which we may expect change in youth risk behavior.