A Prediction Model of Being Bullied Among Adolescents
Methods: Using data from the 2005-2006 Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), 8888 American adolescents completed paper-pencil surveys. A total of 42.3 % of participants were age 12 and 13, 18% were 14 years, 27.6% were 15 and older. In this sample 2,647(29.8%) of total 8,888 were defined as having been bullied. The variable, being bullied, was based on respondents’ self-report of how often they got bullied. Nine items inquired about the frequency of being bullied: 1) called names and teased; 2) left out of things; 3) hit, kicked, and pushed; 4) others lied about me; 5) for my race/color; 6) for my religion; 7) made sexual jokes to me; 8) using a computer/e-mail; and 9) using a cell phone. The Cronbach Alpha of ‘being bullied’ was .90.
Results: The results of the analyses revealed that adolescents aged 15 and more are subject to a different constellation of predictors than adolescents aged 14 and less. In adolescents aged 15 and more, lower level of ‘enjoy being together in the class’ and lower level of ‘present feeling about school’ contributed to higher level of ‘being bullied’. Specifically, adolescents aged 15 and more with lower level of ‘enjoy being together in the class’ were more likely to be bullied (34.3%) than their counterparts (20.5%). For adolescents aged 14 and less, higher parental support were less likely to be bullied (27.3%) than adolescents with lower parental support (37.1%).
Implications: These findings support that strategies aimed on reducing peer victimization have to be included age or grade considered intervention components. Also, findings lead to a practical implication that service providers working with adolescents aged 14 and less should focus more on family-oriented intervention and those working with adolescents aged 15 and more should offer peer-or school-related interventions to prevent them from being bullied.