Influential Factors On Bullying Among Korean Female Adolescents: A Mediation Model
Methods: Female students in grades 7th through 9th (N = 346) from five middle schools in Pyeongtaek, Korea were recruited. Of these students, participants included 290 students, ranging in age 14 to 17 years (M = 15.73), who had received parental consent and who themselves agreed to participate. A question related to previous experience of bullying involvement was used to measure bullying involvement which is an outcome variable in this study. Stress, a predictor of bullying involvement, was assessed using the Daily Has Questionnaire–Korean Version (DHQ-K) consisting of four sub-categories of stress: stress from family; friends; study; and school. Aggression, another predictor of bullying involvement, was measured using the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory–Korean Version. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, logistic regression, and mediation testing outlined by Preacher, Fucker, and Hayes (2007).
Results: The findings of hierarchical logistic regression analysis suggest that family stress and aggression were significant predictors of bullying involvement among Korean female adolescents. In addition, aggression fully mediated the relation between stressors (family and school stress) and bullying involvement, as the latter was no longer a significant predictors of bullying involvement once aggression was included in the model.
Implications: The findings of this study support the importance of interventions that social work practitioners who are working with adolescents involved in bullying need to facilitate stress management programs, especially to help them deal with stress from family members and school. Also, school authorities should pay special attention to adolescents who have a high propensity for aggression in order to help prevent school bullying.