Developing and Applying Measures of Social and Emotional Supports in School Settings
The first study uses qualitative methods to measure sensitivity to stereotype threat in middle childhood. The study represents the first step in the development of a measure of stereotype threat. The next two studies evaluate the appropriateness of measures across racial/ethnic groups. These measures include assessments of student social support, school belonging, and future orientation. The final study uses items from an established survey to develop new subscales measuring school climate and parent involvement behaviors (including academic socialization, educational expectations, behavior expectations, and behavior monitoring). The adequacy of these subscales is tested and they are used in an analysis to predict student school engagement.
Taken together, the studies demonstrate the range of social and emotional factors that school social workers can measure and address, from parent involvement to social support to motivational variables. Additionally, many methods for scale development and evaluation are demonstrated, including early qualitative work, confirmatory factor analysis, and evaluation of measurement invariance. Finally, the symposium illustrates ways these measures can be applied to address important questions about students’ academic outcomes.