The first paper consists of a culturally-focused developmental study with 750 Mexican (MA) and Dominican (DA) families recruited from pre-kindergarten (pre-k) and kindergarten (K) classrooms across New York City. This study examined Latino parenting, including its values, goals and practices. Model testing examined associations over time between cultural values, parenting practices and child functioning. In addition to providing detailed results on these analyses, implications of research findings will be discussed with regards to the critical role that culturally-focused studies have for the design of studies seeking to integrate cultural adaptation and implementation science.
The second paper presents an investigation that compares and contrasts two differentially culturally adapted interventions of an efficacious parenting intervention. This program of prevention research was implemented with low-income Latino immigrant parents in a challenging urban setting characterized by intense contextual adversity. The development of this program of applied prevention research will be presented according to the principles of the Cultural Adaptation Process Model (CAP), which integrates community engagement and cultural adaptation processes. Having established initial efficacy, this program of research is expanding towards effectiveness studies aimed at integrating an applied model of cultural adaptation and implementation science in an urban setting.
The third paper blends principles of cultural adaptation and implementation science to inform the local adaptation and customization of a health care manager program to improve the physical health of Hispanics with serious mental illness (SMI). The authors will describe how they used the collaborative intervention planning framework, an approach that combines community-based participatory research principles and intervention mapping procedures to customize an existing health-care manager intervention to a new patient population (Hispanics with SMI) and provider group (social workers) to increase its fit with the local community. This study illustrates one approach that can be used to involve community stakeholders in the intervention adaptation process from the very beginning to enhance the transportability of a health-care manager intervention in order to improve the health of people with SMI.