The symposium includes the following 3 abstracts: Abstract 1. Title: Intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration among Black college students Purpose: To explore help-seeking behaviors and factors predicting IPV victimization and perpetration among Black college students. Abstract 2. Title: Victimization and perpetration between heterosexual dating partners: Moderator effects of gender on a causal model including community cohesiveness, adverse childhood experience (ACE), and mental health factors Purpose: To investigate whether gender moderates victimization/perpetration of IPV in relation to contextual variables. Abstract 3. Title: Intimate partner violence victimization among college students with disabilities Purpose: To examine the prevalence of IPV, the patterns of their help-seeking behaviors, and the relationship between ACE and IPV experiences among college students with disabilities.
Three abstracts used a primary data collected from college students (N=4,843) attending in 4 universities in the U.S. and Canada from March to December 2016. The samples were 155 black students (Abstract 1); 1,313 female and 475 male students (Abstract 2); and 726 students with disabilities (Abstract 3). Participants in all 3 abstracts had been in relationships with an abusive partner in their lifetime.
Key findings from Abstract 1 showed that Black college students tend to be both IPV victims and perpetrators. Only about 25% of the students had ever told someone of their IPV experience. 50 participants did not seek help because IPV is a private or personal matter. Key findings from Abstract 2 indicated that female students were more likely than male students to be victims and perpetrators of IPV. Gender was not confirmed as a moderating factor in the relationships among IPV victimization/Perpetration, ACE, Current/Past Community Cohesiveness, and Mental Health. Key findings from Abstract 3 were IPV and ACE were more prevalent among students with disabilities than those without disabilities. 32% of the students sought help. The impact of ACE on IPV among college students with disabilities was tremendous and lifelong. Overarching findings highlight that IPV victimization and perpetuation are co-occurring. Black students and students with disabilities underutilize help due to IPV. ACE was an important predictor of IPV victimization/perpetration.
The findings suggest targeted recommendations for future intervention and research. IPV prevention efforts should aim to raise awareness of IPV and change their help-seeking attitudes especially for females, Black, and students with disabilities. Future research needs to refine models predicting IPV victimization/perpetration.