Methods: Drawing from the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study is based on individual, in-depth interviews with 38 LGBTQ-identified people of color in New York City. Purposive and snowball sampling were used. Participants’ perspectives on the role of community in enhancing health and well-being were examined using framework analysis.
Results: Health-promoting community strengths identified by participants were organized around three themes: (a) safety, acceptance, and support; (b) interconnectedness and resource sharing; and (c) advocacy, collective action, and community potential. These three themes reflected the key strengths of LGBTQ communities that enhance health and create the possibility for wellness.
Conclusions and Implications: This study points to specific implications for research, policy, and practice. Research should continue to pay attention to diversity within communities and be sure to include LGBTQ people from different social positions and backgrounds, including nonbinary people, people living with disabilities, low income, indigenous, immigrant, and those best served in other languages. Additionally, health care organizations and institutions must maintain a commitment to community self-determination and listening to and centering the needs, concerns, and accomplishments of communities. Insights from this study also demonstrate the imperative of acknowledging and raising up LGBTQ people of color’s voices in community, practice, and policy settings.