Methods: Using wave 1 of the migrant sample from the Health of the Philippine Emigrants Study (HoPES) (n = 829), we conducted multinomial logistic regression analysis to identify factors that influence which of their social networks are activated for help-seeking. The HoPES study is a novel transnational and longitudinal study that explores the health of migrant and non-migrant Filipinos (Gee et al., 2018).
Results: The reference for the categorical variables is family and relative risk ratios (RRR) are reported. Findings show that being in the 25-34 years old range (RRR = 2.10; 95% CI = [1.06, 4.14]) were more likely to report none while having a college degree or more (RRR = .46; 95% CI = [.25, .83]) and speaking English well (RRR = .42; 95% CI = [.24, .73]) and very well (RRR = .07; 95% CI = [.01, .54]) were less likely to report none. Being in the 35-44 (RRR = 3.18; 95% CI = [1.79, 5.64]), 45-54 (RRR = 3.34; 95% CI = [1.77, 6.30]), 55-65 (RRR = 2.96; 95% CI = [1.38, 6.31]) age ranges respectively, and never married (RRR = 1.57; 95% CI = [1.02, 2.43]) were more likely to report friends. Being in the 25-34 (RRR = 2.28; 95% CI = [1.22, 4.25]) and 35-44 (RRR = 3.14; 95% CI = [1.52, 6.49]) and never married (RRR = 2.08; 95% CI = [1.19, 3.63]) were more likely to report yourself/respondent.
Conclusions and Implications: Those who are older tend to have a wider network and rely more on their friends. Younger pre-migrants are either more self-reliant or have fewer social networks to activate. Educational level and English proficiency have significant effects in reducing the likelihood of having fewer social networks. Implications for this study can help inform researchers and social workers to identify safety nets and intervene to enable pre-migration immigrants to better prepare for their health care in a new society and culture.