Methods: Data from the Black Families Project – a dyadic survey of Black adolescents and their primary caregiver from across the United States with an analytical sample (n=604) of self-identified Black caregivers of adolescent children ages 14 to 17 years old (M = 42.8 years; SD = 8.3). Most participants identified as female (N = 511; 84.6%). Most of the sample identified as African American (74%). Other ethnic backgrounds represented including African (14.6%), Caribbean/West Indian (6%), and multiethnic (5.4%). Participants were located across the United States with representation from 37 states and the District of Columbia. Average annual income reported was between $45,000 - $54,999 and 64.2% of participants reported being employed full time. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted using SPSS Version 25. Analyses included mean group differences in neighborhood cohesion and beliefs about police procedural justice by gender, police stop history, and arrest history. Hierarchical regression analyses of a US sample of Black adults (N = 604) examine if neighborhood cohesion and cultural race-related stress relate to global procedural justice in policing and procedural justice during a critical police stop. Moderation analyses were conducted to determine if cultural race-related stress strengthens or weakens the relationship between neighborhood cohesion and procedural justice in policing.
Results: Examination of multiple fit statistics were significant for both procedural justice models. Neighborhood cohesion was positively related to procedural justice at critical stops. For participants with above average stress from cultural racism, positive neighborhood cohesion was related to greater global perceptions of procedural justice in policing. Groups differed significantly on additional tests.
Conclusion/Implications: Black citizens with histories of police contact/arrest bear the burden of experiences on a micro and macro level. These findings highlight the need to improve structural interventions and local environmental factors like living in areas where there are higher concentrations of poverty that can influence residents’ perceptions of police in the US. Next steps must focus on improving socioeconomic status and note contextual distinctions that must be considered in broader conversations to leverage protective factors citizens possess based on the strengths and benefits of their communities.