Methods: The intervention was implemented as a small group educational seminar that lasted approximately 1 hour to 1.5 hours. In order to provide the culturally competent as well as informative intervention, the educational seminars were composed of two parts: the informative part by the experts and a testimony and conversation with an African American prostate cancer survivor. The self-administered short surveys were conducted with a pretest/posttest design to evaluate the increase of knowledge about the prostate cancer. Through the 24 educational seminars, a total of 496 African American males participated in this study. The participants were mostly African Americans (87.1%) with a mean age of 57.7 years (SD=25.9). While 46.4 % of participants were single, 26.4 % of participants were married, and 12% were divorced. Only 20 % of participants were fulltime or part-time employees, and 62.3 % of participants had an annual household income below $29,900.
Results: A paired-samples t-test was conducted to compare the scores of prostate cancer knowledge before and after attending seminars. The preliminary analysis results showed that there was a significant difference in the scores of prostate cancer knowledge before (M=5.47, SD = 2.28) and after (M=6.5, SD=2.26) attending the seminars; t(477) = 10.2 , p <.001.
Implication: The findings suggest that when the social work services are delivered in a culturally appropriate and credible way, they can have significant effects on the minority clients. Future intervention studies for the minority need to consider how to engage local community members in the interventions to improve the effects of the service as well as to reduce the barriers for the research.