Session: Tackling Health Disparities: Engaging Patient Care in Chronic Disease Management and Research (Society for Social Work and Research 24th Annual Conference - Reducing Racial and Economic Inequality)

277 Tackling Health Disparities: Engaging Patient Care in Chronic Disease Management and Research

Sunday, January 19, 2020: 8:00 AM-9:30 AM
Independence BR H, ML 4 (Marriott Marquis Washington DC)
Cluster: Health (H)
Symposium Organizer:
Noelle Dimitri, MSW, Boston University
Symposium Overview: African Americans are disproportionately burdened by racial health disparities (CDC, 2017) and develop chronic diseases, including heart disease, diabetes and cancer, at alarming rates compared to their white counterparts (CDC, 2017). These gross inequities in morbidity and mortality are the result of a complex set of interrelated social, economic, and environmental factors, driven by a legacy of racism and racialized policy. This legacy has resulted in a disproportionate burden of environmental exposure and resource deprivation (Bermudez-Millan, Schumann, Feinn, Tennen, & Wagner, 2016; Gaskin et al., 2014; Sherman, Hawkins, & Bonner, 2017; LaVeist, 2005), which continues to contribute to inequities in disease burden and excess mortality impacting African Americans today.

In order to develop effective partnerships with African American patients it is important for health care providers to understand the lived experiences of their patients and how they experience their health and the disease process (Jack, Liburd, Tucker, & Cockrell, 2014). Many Africans Americans experience chronic and historical mistrust and marginalization within the medical system (Cuevas, O'Brien, & Saha, 2016). As a result, engaging patients in sharing their perspectives and experiences managing chronic disease can enhance the development of trust in patient-provider relationships. (Cuevas et al., 2016). This session describes three unique initiatives highlighting the racial health disparities African Americans and other patients of color with chronic disease experience. The first is a qualitative study conducted with one group of African American women with type-2 diabetes at a New England area medical clinic using Photovoice methods with the goal of informing medical providers and interdisciplinary training models. The second describes a secondary data analysis project examining the long-term care needs assessment of 1,204 community-dwelling older adults residing in Alabama. The third is a community academic partnership designed to engage cancer survivors and their family members in research decision-making at the Cancer Care Center in a Safety Net Accountable Care Organization.

* noted as presenting author
African American Ethnicity and Diabetes Independently Predict Co-Occurring Depression and Hypertension Among Older Adult African Americans
Omar Sims, PhD, University of Alabama, Birmingham; Cicily Gray, MPA, University of Alabama, Birmingham; Hyejung Oh, PhD, California State University, Bakersfield
Interdisciplinary Collaboration and Community Engagement As Tools for Tackling Inequity: Establishing a Mechanism for Patient Powered Cancer Research at a Safety-Net Hospital
Linda Sprague Martinez, PHD, Boston University; Kelsi Carolan, MSW, Boston University; Elmer Freeman, MSW, Northeastern University; Marjory Charlot, MD, MPH, Boston University
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