Method: A convenience sample of 857 senior students from 15 high schools and six education districts completed a survey that included victimization and perpetration of sexual violence. There were more female (n = 441, 51.5%) than male (n = 416, 48.5%) students. The mean age was 15.57 years (SD=1.29). The questionnaire included questions about exposure to sexual violence, whether they have ever been raped, whether they have ever raped someone, and whether they have ever threatened someone with rape. Response choices were “Yes or No”. Descriptive analysis was used to examine the prevalence and logistic regression analysis was used to determine factors associated with perpetration and threat of rape.
Results: Some students (n = 94, 11.6%) reported that someone of the opposite sex has used force to make them partake in sexual activities. Some (n = 136, 16.8%) also stated that someone of the opposite sex has insisted on sex without physical force. Slightly over nine percent (n = 75, 9.3%) reported that someone has used threats to make them partake in sexual activities. Results of logistic regression analysis indicated that ever being pressured for sex without physical force (OR = 7.16, p =.031, 95% [CI 1.19, 43.01]), victimization of rape (OR = 13.98, p =.036, 95% [CI 1.19, 164.61]), and ever threatened someone with rape (OR = 34.06, p =.004, 95% [CI 3.17, 365.78]) were associated with perpetration of rape. Similarly, ever being threatened with rape (OR = 35.62, p < .0005, 95% [CI 4.81, 263.65]), perpetration of rape (OR = 70.04, p < .0005, 95% [CI 9.64, 509.11]), and proviolence attitudes against women (OR = 3.93, p = .027, 95% [CI 1.17, 13.22]) were associated with ever threatened someone with rape.
Conclusions and implications: Findings highlight victimization and proviolence attitudes against women as risk factors for perpetration and threat of rape among adolescents. Implications of findings for policies and intervention for reducing exposure, threat, and perpetration of sexual violence among adolescents will be highlighted.