Methods: Data for this cross-sectional study came from 242 resettled Burmese adults, aged 18 years and above, who have lived in the U.S. for a mean year of 5.4. Respondents completed a set of questionnaires including demographic information, the Chin Burmese versions of the MSPSS (MSPSS-CB), and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10-CB). Factor analysis was performed to assess the structural validity of the MSPSS-CB. Reliability was assessed using the Cronbach’s alpha, and construct validity assessed with correlation analysis between MSPSS-CB and K10-CB.
Results: Respondents ranged in age from 18 to 78, with a mean age of 35.45 (SD=10.11). Most were males (53.3%), married (79.3%), employed (69%), and 49.6% had completed high school. An exploratory factor analysis extracted a three-factor solution of the MSPSS-CB, with all items loading highly (.61 and above) on each of the respective subscales. Factor 1 (Significant Others) accounted for 54.17% (eigenvalues=6.50), Factor 2 (Family) accounted for 13.48% (eigenvalues=1.62), and Factor 3 (Friends) accounted for 9.05% (eigenvalues=1.08) of the variance, in combination accounting for 76.7% of the total variance. Intercorrelation analysis reveal significant correlations between Significant Other with Family, r=.65; Significant Other with Friends, r=.66; and Family and friends, r=.55, confirming the scale’s factor structure. The internal reliability of the full MSPSS-CB was α.92, and .89, .88 and .90 for the Significant Other, Family, and Friends subscales, respectively. Findings revealed significant inverse correlations between the Significant Others subscale with the K10-CB (r=-20, p<.01), the Friends subscale (r=-.27, p<.01) and the Family subscale (r=-.15, p<.01), supporting the construct validity of the MSPSS-CB.
Conclusions and Implications: The three-factor structure of the original MSPSS is confirmed in the current study and participants could clearly differentiated between the three sources of support. This suggests that for Chin Burmese, the sources of perceived social support from the three sources are considered to be independent but internally consistent. The results of this study show good construct validity, internal consistency and content validity of the MSPSS-CB, suggesting that it can be used confidently among this population. The availability of a measure of social support in the Chin Burmese language can provide a viable measurement tool for helping professionals and researchers seeking to evaluate social support among this population.