Methods: This study used data from the ANSA who participated in the HCC program (N=6755). Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted using principal component analysis with Varimax (orthogonal) rotation.
Results: Factor analysis of the 22-items indicated a 6-factor structure (internal consistency; α = 0. 57-0.70), with eigenvalues above 1, accounting for 54.28% of the total variance: personal recovery, externalizing behaviors, self-sufficiency, trauma and stress, and substance use risks.
Conclusions and Implications: Study findings from EFA indicate preliminary results showing that the ANSA has acceptable validity (construct) and reliability. Therefore, the ANSA offers those involved in the assessment of homeless individuals with co-occurring disorders with a usable instrument. However, poor to good internal consistency indicates that the ANSA assessment may be best used in conjunction with other tools more suited to the homelessness experience. Further evaluation is needed for better understanding and application of the instrument.