Methods: Three CBPR projects will be presented. The first project used a community-based participatory research approach to evaluate the effectiveness of a trauma-informed care curriculum intervention to improve services to disconected youth in a community-based program. The second project highlights CBPR approaches to develop culturally-informed interventions for diverse populations by addressing health inequities and infectious diseases through the intersectionality of race, gender, and sexuality. The third project is on a Stepping Stones adaptation that looked at both historical trauma, distrust in outsiders, and the intersectionality of medicine and cultural practices. Commonalities, challenges, and success are compared among the projects.
Results: Visual models of factors and elements particular to the CBPR engagement of each project will be presented. These elements are community recognized or identified through conversations. Factors associated with the projects presented include: historical traumas (i.e. colonialism, disasters, immigration), current traumas (interpersonal, neighborhood violence, disasters), intersectionality perspectives (race, gender, sex). We will discuss how these begin during the stakeholder engagement process and are likely to change or develop overtime. We will also describe how these factors led to both successful and unsuccessful project outcomes.
Conclusions and implications: There are many contributing factors as to why CBPR processes struggle, however if consideration of trauma and intersectionality elements through visual models can help to illuminate the barriers and contribute to increased engagement, buy-in and outcomes. These models need to be flexible, as many of the elements are unknown. Audience participation will be utilized to develop a practice model for a hypothesized community to understand the impacts of COVID-19. Given the natural alignment of CBPR with Social Work values, improving methods of participation and processes, will enhance social research with diverse populations and continue its utility as a tool for social change.