The purpose of this symposium is to disseminate findings from four innovative studies examining the intersection of parental substance use and the child welfare system. The first two papers focus on CPS trajectories of children involved with CPS due to parental substance use. Paper 1 presents results from a nationwide analysis of whether foster care factors impact the time to permanency for children removed due to parental substance use. Paper 2 examines the association of the opioid epidemic on CPS involvement for infants diagnosed with prenatal opioid exposure. The last two papers focus on macro-level aspects of the intersection of substance use and child welfare. Paper 3 describes results of a study investigating how an environmental intervention designed to reduce alcohol-related problems was associated with child maltreatment rates. Paper 4 examines the association of opioid overdose rates at the county-level and four child maltreatment indicators.
Together, these papers examine the distinctive trajectories of children involved with child welfare as a result of parental substance use, providing new knowledge of this important, and frequent, reason for child welfare involvement. A discussant, an expert in the field, will summarize and offer commentary on the major findings, as well as policy and practice implications at the micro- and macro-levels.