A cross-sectional with a combination of online and offline surveys was conducted in 2021. We randomly selected 50 organizations registered in the Vocational Rehabilitation Associations serving people with disabilities in Gyung-gi province and sent out three surveys per organization. A total of 114 people responded to the survey with 70% response rates. Reliable and valid standardized instruments were used to assess client relationship (α=.80), professional identity (α=.74), job satisfaction (α=.84), burnout (α=.82), intention to leave (yes/no). A serial mediation effect using path analysis was performed using AMOS 27.0.
We tested a path to intention to leave; professional identity-job satisfaction-burnout-intention to leave. Final model yielded a good fit to the data (χ²(5)=7.78, p =.17, IFI= .98, TLI=.90, CFI=.98, NFI=.94). Explained variances of burnout and intention to leave were 57%, 28%, respectively. The results showed that professional identity was positively associated with satisfaction with the job itself (β=.65, p <.001) and satisfaction with pay (β =.31,p=.03). Among the three subscales of job satisfaction, only satisfaction with co-workers was significantly associated with burnout (β =.55, p <.001). Burnout was not directly associated with intention to leave, but satisfaction with the job itself was significant to intention to leave (β =-.30, p =.03). Serial mediating effects were examined using bias-corrected bootstrapping. The client relationship indirectly influences burnout through satisfaction with co-workers (β=-.24, p =.01, CI=-.38, -.07). Professional identity also indirectly influenced intention to leave through satisfaction with the job itself (β -.30, p =.004, CI= -.34, -.07).
Different from the previous studies, burnout did not directly impact to intention to leave. Instead, having a solid professional identity promoted increased satisfaction with the job itself, then it strongly impacts decreased intention to leave. Also, satisfaction with co-workers is a critical factor in burnout, suggesting the importance of perceived support from co-workers that prevent burnout among employees working with people with disabilities. This study provides implications to develop different organizational strategies to address the issues of workers’ burnout and intention to leave in vocational rehabilitation settings.