Methods: This pilot study methodology was a pre-post non-equivalent group design using a waitlist comparison group. Thirty-eight parents participated in the study across both groups. Each client was assessed using a battery of instruments that included both standardized measures and self-assessment questions. Assessment instruments collected data on demographic information, trauma and parenting knowledge, positive parenting skills, parent self-efficacy, parent well-being, parent stress, and child well-being. T-tests and repeated measures MANOVA were used in the statistical analysis.
Results: The intervention and waitlist groups did not differ on any key demographic variables (age, education, race, number of children). Significant between and within group differences were found in four of the six dependent variables of interest: Trauma knowledge, parenting skills, parent self-efficacy and parent well-being. No significant differences were found on parenting stress. For the BPC group, parent participants identified three more positive behaviors in their children, on average, each week from pre to post, which was a significant change. The same pattern was not seen in the waitlist group. Fidelity data was strong, with trainers completing 100% of activities for each module. Summary feedback on trainer perceptions of module content will also be provided.
Conclusions and Implications: On the whole, the pilot findings support the promise of the Breakthrough Parenting Curriculum for parents involved in the child welfare system. Many birth parents struggle with their own trauma histories and evidence from this pilot study suggests that the BPC may be effective at educating participants about the impact of trauma on the development and behavior of their children trauma, increasing parent self-efficacy and improving well-being among its participants. Future research, limitations and implications for social work practice will be presented.