Methods: A purposive sample of Black college students (N = 300) was analyzed using bivariate analyses and binary logistic regression. Outcome variables investigated were lifetime suicidal ideation and suicide attempt.
Results: Twenty-eight percent of participants reported lifetime suicidal ideation and 14% reported lifetime attempts. Female students were significantly more likely to report lifetime suicidal ideation, recent symptoms of anxiety and to engage in emotional social support than male peers. Logistic regression results demonstrated that higher income and greater depression symptoms were associated with lower reporting of lifetime suicidal ideation. Reporting of more grit, the trait of perseverance and passion for long-term goals, was associated with a lower reporting of both lifetime suicidal ideation and suicide attempt.
Conclusions and Implications: Our findings have implications for how social workers in higher education are encouraged to address suicidal behavior among Black students, including the cultivation of grit.