Abstract: Campus Dating and Sexual Violence Risk and Protective Factors: A Systematic Review of the Research (Society for Social Work and Research 27th Annual Conference - Social Work Science and Complex Problems: Battling Inequities + Building Solutions)

All in-person and virtual presentations are in Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST).

SSWR 2023 Poster Gallery: as a registered in-person and virtual attendee, you have access to the virtual Poster Gallery which includes only the posters that elected to present virtually. The rest of the posters are presented in-person in the Poster/Exhibit Hall located in Phoenix A/B, 3rd floor. The access to the Poster Gallery will be available via the virtual conference platform the week of January 9. You will receive an email with instructions how to access the virtual conference platform.

220P Campus Dating and Sexual Violence Risk and Protective Factors: A Systematic Review of the Research

Friday, January 13, 2023
Phoenix C, 3rd Level (Sheraton Phoenix Downtown)
* noted as presenting author
Julia O'Connor, PhD, MSW, MPH, Assistant Professor; Violence Against Women Cluster Member, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL
Background and Purpose: Dating and sexual violence (DSV) are well-established problems. Less understood are DSV risk and protective factors for victimization or perpetration, important targets for DSV prevention efforts, among marginalized student populations including those at non-traditional institutions. Most research on campus DSV has been conducted at traditional, 4-year, predominantly white institutions neglecting non-traditional institutions such as Minority Serving Institutions (e.g., Hispanic Serving Institutions, Historically Black Colleges and Universities, etc.), non- predominantly white institutions, or community, commuter, technical, or vocational colleges. This study addressed the gap in the research by reviewing the existing research studies on campus DSV risk and protective factors at non-traditional institutions.

Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted by using the following four databases to complete a literature search: Academic Search Premier, ERIC, ProQuest, and PsycINFO. Within each database, searches were conducted on terms related to risk and protective factors for university dating and sexual violence at non-traditional institutions. The titles and abstracts of these articles were reviewed to determine relevancy to the study resulting in 362 relevant articles. After further review, 350 articles were screened out for a series of reasons including if they were duplicates, review articles, not conducted in the USA, conducted at a traditional institution, did not include risk or protective factors for DSV, etc. After screening the articles, only twelve studies remained that were coded to understand DSV risk and protective factors that have been examined at non-traditional institutions as well as the type of violence studied and the type of institution in which the research was conducted.

Results: The most studied type of risk and protective factors of campus DSV among the sample (n=12 studies) were substance use (n=4 studies), psychological factors (e.g., attachment anxiety, impulse control, etc.; n=4), sexual behaviors or attitudes (n=2), and prior life experiences (n=1). Of these factors, only a couple (n=2) were protective factors while the rest of the examined factors were risk factors that increased DSV victimization or perpetration. The type of violence studied included intimate partner violence (n=7 studies), sexual violence (n=4), and dating violence (n=1). Types of institutions included non-predominantly white institutions, (n=9), Minority Serving Institutions (n=2), commuter college (n=1), and community college (n=1).

Conclusions: This review demonstrates that the most studied risk and protective factors for campus DSV victimization and perpetration at non-traditional institutions included substance use and psychological factors. Fewer studies were on sexual behaviors or attitudes and past life experiences. Few studies (n=12) were identified, indicating that research on risk and protective factors for DSV at non-traditional institutions is lacking and more research is needed to understand DSV at non-traditional institutions. For DSV prevention efforts to work, they must address risk and protective factors. Given the lack of understanding of such factors at non-traditional institutions, future research must examine DSV risk and protective factors at institutions where the majority of students are not white and/or the institution is not a traditional 4-year institution.