Abstract: (see Poster Gallery) Are Juvenile Justice-Serving Officers Burnout in Social Service Agencies? Examining the Effects of Job Demands and Workplace Resources (Society for Social Work and Research 27th Annual Conference - Social Work Science and Complex Problems: Battling Inequities + Building Solutions)

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SSWR 2023 Poster Gallery: as a registered in-person and virtual attendee, you have access to the virtual Poster Gallery which includes only the posters that elected to present virtually. The rest of the posters are presented in-person in the Poster/Exhibit Hall located in Phoenix A/B, 3rd floor. The access to the Poster Gallery will be available via the virtual conference platform the week of January 9. You will receive an email with instructions how to access the virtual conference platform.

133P (see Poster Gallery) Are Juvenile Justice-Serving Officers Burnout in Social Service Agencies? Examining the Effects of Job Demands and Workplace Resources

Friday, January 13, 2023
Phoenix C, 3rd Level (Sheraton Phoenix Downtown)
* noted as presenting author
Akanksha Anand, Ph.D, Director & Assistant Professor, State Univeirsty of New York, Plattsburgh & Fordham University, Plattsburgh, NY
Kim Coleman, Ph.D candidate, Assiatant Professor (tenure-track), State Univeristy of New York, Plattsburgh & McGill Univeristy, Plattsburgh
Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D., Associate Professor, State University of New York College at Plattsburgh, Plattsburgh, NY
Rebekah Pepin, BSW, Reserach Assistant (Social Work & Criminal Justice), State University of New York College at Plattsburgh, Plattsburgh, NY
Background: Despite the high rates of mental health problems amongst juvenile justice-involved youth, the phenomenon of mental health and burnout among juvenile-serving officers is understudied1,2. The work of juvenile-serving officers is stressful due to high job demands and emotional distress leading to vicarious traumas 1,2,3. Nearly 60 -70% of the justice-involved youth suffer from mental health and substance-related problem 4,5. Previous research on mental health professionals demonstrates burnout and workplace support as two related factors in contributing to stigma related to the mental health of officers3,4.

According to the Job-demands-resources model7, burnout results from an imbalance of job demands and job resources within work environments. Job demands are strains that harm one's physical, emotional, mental health, and job performance, while job resources mitigate the negative effect of job demands 5,6,7. Juvenile-serving officers are at a risk of burnout given their job demands, including challenging clients and large caseloads with minimal concurrent job resources, such as poor workplace support and limited funding 8,9. Therefore, we hypothesized the following: 1) There will be a positive and a significant relationship between job demands on burnout, 2) There will be a negative and significant main effect of workplace social support on burnout. 3) There will be a significant two-way interaction of job demand and workplace support on burnout.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 325 employees working in justice-serving institutions was conducted in 2021-2211. These justice-serving social service agencies are in Clinton County of rural upstate New York. Cronbach's alphas for the standardized measures were above the expected cut-off, and one measure was at (α =.72). Discriminant and construct validity was established using maximum likelihood estimation and varimax rotation. Aiken and West14 procedures were followed to test the moderation effect using the hierarchal moderated multiple regression analysis in SPSS 2512,13. No items cross-loaded on another factor above. Finally, no violations of ordinary least squared regression were noted in the model.

Findings: Support was found for three hypotheses. Significant negative main effect was found for job demands on burnout (β = 3.64, p < .05) and negative main effect of workplace support (β = -1.40, p < .05). The interaction effect of work demands and workplace support (β = -.200, p < .05) on burnout was significant. The two-way interaction reports a variance of 13.2% in the final model, which is relatively higher than a typical interaction effect.

Conclusion and Implications: Results demonstrate how organizational workplace support is critical in managing jobs demands and burnout amongst justice-servings officers within social work settings. Significantly, officers' highly supportive environment and organizational climate could mitigate the pressure of job demands in juvenile social service settings. Consistent with earlier, social service agencies' lack of organizational support is strongly associated with burnout.Although the moderating effect is small, this is one of the first few studies examining workplace support and jobs demands' effects on burnout amongst juvenile justice serving offices. Future research within social service agencies could examine the role of organizational support strategies focused on resiliency building and coping mechanisms.