Methods: A series of latent transition analyses were used to analyze data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997. The analytic sample included 3578 participants aged 12 & 13 when data collection began. Prior to conducting analyses, parenting styles were isolated by type and parent, while twelve indicators of SDB measured at four timepoints were used to conduct the study (t [age 12 & 13; Wave 1], t+1 [age 13-14 & 14-15; Wave 2 & 3], t+2 [age 15-16 & 16-17; Wave 4 & 5], and t+3 [age 17-18 & 18-19; Wave 6 & 7]).
Results: Results suggests four latent statuses of SDB manifest during adolescent development period: Minimal SDB, Primarily Status Offense SDB, Moderate SDB, and Severe SBD, where members of Moderate and Severe statuses are most likely to participate in behaviors that victimize others and the community. Overall, results indicated AY with either or both parents practicing authoritative parenting were more likely to be in Minimal SDB Status, as compared to all other parenting styles, while AY with one or both authoritarian parents were more likely to be in Moderate SDB or Severe SBD statuses. With the exception of female AY, AY were most likely to escalate SDB participation by harm and frequency from t to t+1, and then gradually desist despite parenting style. Female AY participation in Moderate SDB continued to increase across adolescence when fathers practiced authoritative parenting, whereas in all other style’s Female AY participation in harmful SDB decreased after t+1. Male AY participation in Moderate SDB and Severe SBD occurred in the highest proportions when one or both parents were uninvolved or authoritarian.
Implications: This study extends knowledge about how AY participate in SDB differently across the adolescent development period as a result of parenting style. Specifically, this study suggests that specific parenting styles impact AY participation in SDB differently by type and sex of the youth, during different ages of adolescence. Implications for intervention and policy are discussed.