Methods: This study analyzed administrative data from the Taiwan National Case Protective Dataset, a total of 18,740 IPV lethal-risk cases between Jan 1, 2017, and Dec 31, 2019. The sample size is unique because it represented the entire three-year lethal risk IPV population without sampling. This study compared the difference of the TIPVDA scores assessed by survivors and professionals. The total TIPVDA scores assessed by survivors and professionals were dichotomized into low-risk and lethal risk groups by the cut-off of 8. The difference was coded with three categories: Underestimated (low risk assessed by survivor, high risk assessed by professional), No Difference (high risk assessed by survivors and professional), and Overestimated (high risk assessed by survivor, low risk assessed by professional). We conducted descriptive, bivariate analysis, and multinomial logistic regression with STATA 16.
Results: Overall, the majority of lethal risk victims were female (93.4%), having a relationship with an opposite sex partner (98.5%), Taiwanese (80.5%) and middle-aged adults (64.5%). Results of multinomial logistic regression showed that being 65 years and older (RRR=.58, p<.05), having a homosexual partner (RRR=.69, p<.05), and being a female (RRR=.84, p<.05) were less likely to be in the Underestimated group (low risk assessed by survivor, high risk assessed by professional) versus No Difference group (high risk assessed by survivors and professional). Age and gender differences was nonsignificant when comparing the Overestimated group (high risk assessed by survivor, low risk assessed by professional) and the No Difference group.
Implications: This study is the first to examine differences in self-assessment and professional- assessment of lethal risk IPV. The findings suggested that male and adolescent (16-18 years) victims were more likely to underestimate their lethal risk in IPV. The findings have important implications for risk assessment of IPV, particularly the difference in survivor and professionals’ perceptions.