Method: Community-based participatory research methods were utilized to convene 14 listening sessions (7 primary/7 validation) with Black and Latinx IPV survivors with intersectional identities. Listening sessions were held in community-based locations including a church, health clinic, social service agency, and private residence. The last 5 validation sessions were conducted virtually on Zoom due to Covid pandemic protocols. All listening sessions were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. Latinx population listening sessions were conducted in Spanish and were implemented and translated with attention to linguistic justice principles. The research team used a modified constructivist grounded theory approach for data analysis.
Results: Four overarching themes (and 13 sub-themes) related to survivors’ housing experiences emerged: 1) safety and healing challenges, including living in unhealthy physical environments, not being safe in their homes, and contending with community violence, sexual exploitation threats, and eviction fears; 2) formal service fragmentation/bureaucracy that hampered access to housing resource information and resources; 3) resource scarcity associated with limited affordable housing stock; and 4) systemic oppression resulting from discriminatory treatment and gentrification. These themes operated across multiple socio-ecological levels to keep already socially marginalized survivors trapped in a cycle of housing insecurity
Conclusion/Implications: Findings offer a conceptual model of cycle of housing insecurity developed using CBPR methods and intersectionality as a lens that draws attention to the cyclical nature of getting, keeping and losing housing. Study findings extend literature that highlights the ways in which housing stability is constrained by structural factors, such as violence and marginalization and enhanced by the presence of social support and emotional well-being. Interventions that are flexible and center survivors’ intersectional priorities are necessary to disrupt the cycle of housing insecurity in which many socially marginalized survivors are living. Participants shared numerous examples of service delivery that did not honor survivors as the experts in their own lives. Housing services delivered in ways that are survivor-centered, trauma-informed, and culturally relevant can help improve survivor accessibility, satisfaction, and well-being. Future research can deepen our understanding of population specific experiences, including culturally specific research that increases insights about IPV survivors' inter-related experiences with racism, migration, and housing.