Methods: The youth survey includes three community-driven construct areas: 1) Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Identity, 2) Social-Emotional Development, and 3) Program Environments. In Phase 1, the survey was developed through interviews with adult leaders of CBYDP and focus groups and cognitive interviews with racially, ethnically and gender diverse youth program participants. Following Phase 1 pilot testing (N=320), a Youth Measurement Tool Committee (YMTC) that included university researchers, county staff, and youth and adults in CBYDP part of the initiative was created to refine the survey. Following this process, a second pilot test (N=533) was conducted. Data from both pilot tests were analyzed using psychometric testing that examined the distributions of items, reliability, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and measurement invariance testing.
Results: Changes in the psychometric properties of the youth survey from Phase 1 to Phase 2 two showed improved measurement fit (CFIs > .92), increased survey invariance across diverse groups, and improved internal consistency (e.g., change in the reliability of the racial identity construct in Phase 1 from α = .71 to α = .85 in Phase 2).
Conclusions and Implications: Using critical race theory and CBPR in measurement development is important to building surveys that are relevant to the intersectional needs of racial and ethnic youth participating in CBYDP. Strategies to promote inclusive community-based measurement practices that center racial equity and support diverse populations are discussed.