Methods: The 10-session training for kinship caregivers had two delivery modes: in-person and virtual. A paired sample t-test was conducted to assess whether, on average, participants' unfavorable views about financial aid dissipated. We also used the Difference-in-Difference (DiD) quasi-experimental analytic method to assess whether changes in views about receiving needed financial support for child care differed by training delivery mode. In all, 178 (in-person=43 and virtual=135) kinship foster parents participated in the training and consented to be in the study.
Findings: Results from a paired sample t-test revealed a statistical difference in the means of participants’ unfavorable view of receiving financial support after receiving the tailored training (Mdifference= -.833, SDdifference= .12, t= -6.91, p<.01; d=.80). The Difference-in-Differences results were statistically significant (DiD = −1.002, SE=0.196, p<.001, r2=0.57), suggesting that the in-person sessions were more effective at changing people’s views about accessing financial aid.
Implications & Conclusions: Financial assistance is central to the growth and development of foster families. As a result, it is important that caregivers are aware of the financial support available to them and also understand the importance of taking advantage of these resources while dealing with the stigma associated with receiving assistance. Taken together, our findings point to the need for in-person training programs to help caregivers deal with the negative perceptions surrounding receiving financial assistance and point to the need for similar programs across various states in the country.