Method: This study utilized cross-sectional survey data from 5,656 youth sport coaches. Data were collected as part of a state-wide survey of youth sport coaches in one Midwestern state. The measure asks coaches about their ability to (1) teach sport skills, techniques, and tactics; (2) cultivate a positive youth sport environment; (3) utilize mental performance strategies to teach youth positive coping and life skills; and (4) address and respond to youths' social, emotional, and mental health needs. The 45-item Coach Beyond Readiness Index was piloted to help researchers understand coaches' readiness to facilitate positive developmental outcomes for young people participating in sport. All items were measured using a 5-point scale ranging from 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree. Five multiple imputations were pooled into one dataset to account for missing data. The analytic strategy was threefold: 1) item descriptive analysis, 2) exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and 3) confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).
Results: Descriptive results revealed six items had limited variability and were removed from further analyses. The EFA on the remaining 39 items revealed nine underlying factors (eigenvalue ranging from 3.469 to 6.479), accounting for 67% of the variance. Items on the nine underlying factors had loadings ranging from .61 to .81. A CFA was then used to test whether the 39 items loaded onto six latent factors. An examination of the modification indices and item squared multiple correlations (SMC) revealed that an additional four items were problematic and, therefore, dropped. The final version of the scale demonstrated good overall fit, SB χ2=125.19, df = 14, RMSEA = .08, with all 35 items loading on seven latent factors.
Conclusions and Implications: Results of the psychometric testing indicated support for the factorial validity of the 35-item Coach Beyond Readiness Index. This measure can provide school leaders, athletic directors, and school social workers with valuable information about coaches' readiness to support athletes beyond the playing field; and, in turn, can help schools and districts tailor their coach training to their community's local and specific needs.