Methods: Narrative Inquiry and photovoice method was used to investigate the transformative experiences of men in fatherhood roles. A purposive sampling strategy was used to recruit 20 men, 14 of whom completed the entire project. Participants were invited to watch a video introducing the study, its benefits, and explaining the photovoice method. Participants submitted 2 to 3 photos and associated narratives responding to the following research questions: (1) What does being a dad mean to you? (2) Does being a father change your view of being a man? (3) What in your life past or present helped and/or challenged you in being a dad? Participants from Filipino, Nepali, Nigerian, and Pakistani communities were then invited to join two focus groups to share their photos and narratives. Online and in-person photo exhibitions were held as knowledge mobilization activities.
Results: Findings highlighted immigrant fathers’ journeys and their quests to develop healthy and nurturing relationships with their children. Culture, migration stories, struggle, and achieving goals for the advancement of the family were the core themes. This study also brought forward diverse interpretations and meanings of being a father and a man, with a particular focus on the intersectional barriers, strengths and resilience of immigrant and racialized fathers.
Implications: The photos and narratives were shared through both online and in-person art exhibits entitled: Fathers in Focus: Stories from Immigrant Dads that engaged dads and diverse community members in conversations and actions that explore men’s experiences and thoughts on what it means to be a father and foster nurturing fatherhood. Program creations and policy changes supporting healthy masculinities and strengthening family relationships are being proposed to promote nurturing fatherhood journeys for immigrant fathers. A model of practice for working with men towards gender equity was produced and shared with stakeholders using anti-colonial and anti-racist frameworks. A recommendations report will be produced for policymakers and agency leaders that focuses on well-being, healthy relationships, and violence prevention.