Methods: Participants completed an online anonymous survey. The sample was stratified and included 12,750 local and 625 international students in Israeli universities. T-tests were used to compare raw scores on outcome variables, and ANCOVA was utilized to compare scores after controlling for background variables.
Results: International students rated their health as significantly worse compared with local students. Local students described worsening of their situation significantly more than the international students. International students had more positive views of the university compared with local students; however, more international students felt discriminated against because of their religious, ethnic, or social affiliation. After controlling for background variables, international students reported significantly more anxiety than their local counterparts but not more need for help.
Conclusions and Implications: Controlling for background variables added to our understanding of the unique circumstances of international students. The study has identified several areas of vulnerability (e.g., health and social support) that the host universities should consider to develop effective support for international students in these trying times.