Methods: Thirty men currently involved in criminal justice system (e.g., parole/probation or ATI programs) participated in in-depth face-to-face interviews. The transcripts were analyzed using narrative analysis (Kleinman, 1988) to investigate and interpret how men aged 35-60 navigated the reentry process and health care services in New York City. The narratives were classified into three types as suggested by Frank (1995): restitution, chaos and quest.
Findings: Participants were predominately Black and Latino, with the mean age of 43 years old. The participants' involvement with the criminal justice system varied, however, every participant attended programs to address substance abuse issues upon release. The health status of the participants were poor. Most men were diagnosed with an infectious disease (e.g., Hepatitis C, HIV), and/or a chronic condition (e.g., asthma, hypertension, high blood pressure, addiction). All participants immediately sought social service agencies to reinstate welfare benefits such as Medicaid and food stamps.
Conclusion: There is a need for health care policies to improve the screening, assessment and treatment programs for men involved in community-based corrections. This includes a better tracking system and linkages between health care providers and social service agencies especially for men with special health care needs. Results highlight the need to develop chronic care management programs for this population with the goals of improving quality and health outcomes and saving cost.