Method: The program consisted of three phases: 1) motivation and treatment planning, 2) case management and reward strategies, and 3) support networks and re-entry Skills. Mental health and substance abuse treatments were provided on site and given to participants assessed as needing these services. A total of 230 participants in the DRC treatment group were examined. The comparison group subjects were identified utilizing an archival computer search of field supervised adult probationers with the same inclusion and exclusion criteria. From the archival list generated, a total of 230 participants were matched and selected because most original comparison subjects which were randomly assigned were found to be incomparable.
Results: Recidivism for the full DRC treatment group were similar to those for the Comparison Group. However, upon controlling for significant baseline differences between the two groups on each of five criminogenic factors (employment status, gang membership, age at first arrest, number of prior convictions, and Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (LS/CMI) total scores), the full DRC treatment group was found to have significantly fewer convictions and county jail bookings overall, as well as significantly fewer arrests during the first six-month follow-up period. With respect to those who successfully completed the DRC treatment program, the average number of re-arrests, convictions and jail bookings was significantly lower for this group than for the comparison group, and the percent of DRC completers sent to prison was also significantly lower in both the 6 and 12 month follow-up periods. Logistic regression revealed the DRC treatment effect (beta=.13, p<.001). Implications: These findings support the importance of interventions that target the high risk emerging adult offenders of reducing recidivism. This was also an experiment which resulted in probation officers performing in ways they had never experienced in a regular field office. They were trained in EBP and CBT assessments and interventions and conducted a case planning in a multidisciplinary treatment environment in order to enhance implementation science.