Methods: Participants were 234 men drawn randomly from a national sample of 1,600 men receiving treatment from 30 domestic violence centers in Israel. They completed the: Conflict Tactics Scale short form (CTS2S) for IPV, Life Events Checklist questionnaire (LEC), International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) for PTSD and DSO, dominance scale (DOM), and Gender Role Conflict scale short form (GRCS-SF).
Results: Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) findings revealed the central role of DSO and dominance in examining all of the new theoretical aspects in the trauma model. The results indicated an indirect association between exposure to physical neglect in childhood and physical IPV, through PTSD and then dominance (b = .08*, SD = .02). In addition, there was an indirect association between exposure to violence in childhood and psychological IPV, through PTSD and then DSO (b =.14*, SD = .05). We found no significant indirect effect for the association between exposure to violence and physical neglect in childhood and physical and psychological IPV through GRC-emotional restrictiveness.
Conclusions and Implications: These findings add to the discussion regarding the theoretical explanation of the intergenerational transmission of violence. Specifically, they shed light on the consequences of child abuse and neglect through complex psychological distress; they also illuminate the effects of PTSD on a man's dominance over his partner as manifested by male-perpetrated IPV. The results of the current study support the need to screen for traumatic experiences, PTSD and the resultant DSO, and dominance among this population, and to employ trauma-based techniques. Specifically, this research supports the call for and further implementation of trauma-informed intervention, focusing on the ways in which DSO and dominance are connected to the trauma experience.