Methods: This study was a retrospective cross-sectional study, using Wave I data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health). Add Health is a longitudinal study of the nationally representative US adolescents from 1994 to 2008 with four waves of interviews. Add Health Wave I included an in-school questionnaire and in-home interviews, which was conducted when respondents were in grades 7–12 in 1994–1995. This study stratified data from 819 African-American males of the Add Health Wave I respondents with an identified family composition. It examined the associations between resident father involvement, non-resident father communication, and adolescents age.
Results: A regression analysis was used to examine the hypothesized relationships among, adolescent age, father involvement, and father communication on HIV knowledge. Results suggest that increase in father involvement was negatively associated with HIV knowledge. The findings also suggest that older Black males had more HIV knowledge. Father communication was also associated with HIV knowledge.
Conclusion and Implications: Our results suggest that father–son relationships are important in providing HIV knowledge to adolescents. However, fathers may not be communicating with their sons about HIV, which means HIV knowledge is not being provided. Interventions designed to strengthen father–son relationships may provide a promising direction for future health promotion efforts in this population