The first paper considers the predictors of internalizing behavior among Latinx adolescents. Findings revealed that Latinx youth with limited English proficiency had significantly higher internalizing behavior compared to their peers with proficient English abilities. Limited English proficient youth displayed particularly higher internalizing behaviors with regards to feelings of sadness, being ashamed of making mistakes, worrying about doing well in school, and having something to be proud of.
The second and third papers examine depression among mothers and fathers during the post-natal period. Using a mixed-methods approach, findings from paper two revealed that a culturally-sensitive support group for post-natal Latinas was effective at reducing depressive symptoms. Qualitative interviews indicate that post-natal depression among Latina mothers was related to environmental stressors, feelings of isolation, and limited social support. Following participation in the support group, the participants described feeling supported by other participants, improved self-care and coping skills, and increased parenting knowledge. Paper three, utilizing primary data with post-natal Latino fathers, found a negative correlation between depressive symptoms with egalitarianism and coping skills.
The final paper explores experiences of harassment and assault among gay and bisexual Latino males. Particularly, roughly one-third of respondents experienced verbal harassment and physical assault by family members due to their sexual orientation, while two-thirds of respondents reported verbal harassment and physical attacks by non-family members resulting from their sexual orientation.
Findings from these four papers offer significant insight into the mental health needs of the Latinx community. Particularly, Latinx individuals are at an increased risk for mental health concerns due to stigma, language barriers, and limited social support. Given their restricted use of mental health treatment and unique cultural barriers, increased understanding of mental health concerns within this sub-population can support access to care and design of more effective treatment options.