The first paper expands current conceptualizations of deprivation by examining complex material hardship experiences concurrently and over time. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being Study, the paper employs latent class analysis (LCA) and latent transition analysis (LTA) to identify data-driven groups describing concurrent material hardship experiences and to examine longitudinal patterns of material hardship experience.
The second paper examines patterns and predictors of membership in SNAP-recipient families who have zero gross income, illuminating rates and risks for extreme deprivation among families. Using data from the SNAP Quality Control database, the study identifies patterns over time and across states in zero-income SNAP receipt and models the probability of zero-income SNAP receipt conditioned on state, year, household, and policy characteristics.
The third paper investigates state- and county-level differences in allocation of TANF funding, identifying differences in local TANF programs' assistance and flexibility which overlap with families' experiences of economic deprivation and racial minority status. Using national and California-based administrative data, the study compares states' TANF spending allocations and further identifies a typology of California county-level service approaches representing variations in exemptions, sanctions, and forms of service utilization
The fourth paper assesses how timing and sequences of multiple income support programs help different subgroups of single mothers to sustain their families' economic wellbeing in the face of unstable employment experiences. Using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the study uses sequence analysis to identify patterns in single-mother families' participation in combinations of TANF, SNAP, Medicaid, and Unemployment Insurance, and predictors of those patterns.
Together, these papers expand our understanding of how families experience deprivation and economic risk, particularly in relationship to those public assistance policies which are nominally designed to mitigate or respond to such economic needs. The panel's discussant is an expert in social policy and family wellbeing and will discuss the papers' contributions and implications for social work research, policy, and practice.