Methods: The study used a survey conducted by the Center for Social Research on Person-Centered Care in Nursing Homes at Yonsei University, South Korea. The unit of analysis is an organization and survey was conducted targeting managers of 2,752 facilities nationwide. The 268(9.7%) data were selected for final sample (54.5% of SP and 45.5% of NP). Care quality was measured by using the PCC scale. The managers' perception of environmental turbulence was measured by the Environment Turbulence, and subscales such as Technological turbulence, Market turbulence, and competitive intensity were used.
Results: According to multiple regression analysis, PCC at both facilities appears to be significantly impacted by managers' perception of market turbulence. In terms of environment turbulence, technological turbulence had a positive effect on PCC for both ownerships (SP β=.324, p<.001, NP β=.208, p<.05). There was a significantly higher level of PCC with a higher level of SP managers' market turbulence perception, which reflects customer needs (β=.257, p<.01). In light of these results, it can be interpreted that sole proprietors are more sensitive to client needs since they are smaller than nonprofit corporations and have fewer service programs.
Implications: The main results show that the perception of environmental turbulence of nursing home managers has a significant effect on increasing PCC. Hence, nursing home managers should be provided with a variety of information related to market changes so that they will be aware of environmental changes. According to the results, the perception of Market Turbulence, which is a subscale of the perception of Environmental Turbulence, has an effect on PCC. In this regard, it is important to provide a variety of information to a sole proprietor who is lacking information about market needs. Finally, both facilities should consistently monitor market conditions and develop and execute strategies aimed at enhancing PCC.